UPSC CDS Examination Preparation Tips and Tricks



UPSC CDS Examination Preparation Tips and Tricks:

UPSC - Combined Defense Service Examination Preparation Tips and Tricks

Introduction:

What is CDS?

·         CDS stands for Combined Defence Services

·         Candidates  who wants to be a part of Indian Military Academy, Officers Training Academy, Indian Naval Academy and Indian Air Force Academy have to apply for Combined Defence Services Examination.

·         CDS exam is conducted twice in a year by UPSC (Union Public Services Conducted), candidates who have cleared CDS written exam will be called for interview by Service Selection Board (SSB) and the successful candidates will be appointed with respective training academies.

·         The Notification for the CDS exam is usually released in the months of October and June, and CDS exam is conducted twice in year in the months February and November.

·         CDS written exam has three different tests namely English, General Knowledge and Mathematics.

Eligibility Criteria:

Educational Qualification:

1.       Degree of a recognized University or equivalent for IMA and OTA

2.       B.Sc. with Physics & Mathematics or Bachelor of Engg for Naval Academy

3.       B.Sc. with Physics and/or Mathematics or Bachelor of Engg for Air Force Academy

Age Limit:

For Indian Military Academy:

Minimum: 19 Years

Maximum: 24 Years

For Air Force Academy:

Minimum: 19 Years

Maximum: 24 Years                

For Naval Academy:

Minimum: 19 Years

Maximum: 22 Years

For Officers’ Training Academy:

Minimum: 19 Years

Maximum: 27 Years

Nationality:

A candidate must be either

a.       A citizen of India, or

b.      A subject of Nepal, or

c.       A subject of Bhutan, or

d.      A Tibetan refugee who came over to India before 1st January, 1962 with the intention of permanently settling in India, or

e.      A person of Indian origin who has migrated from Pakistan, Burma, Srilanka or East African countries of Kenya, Uganda, the United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia, Malawi, Zaire and Ethiopia or from Vietnam with the intention of permanently settling in India.

Provided that a candidate belonging to categories (b), (c), (d) and (e) shall be a person in whose favour a certificate of eligibility has been issued by the Government of India.

Exam Pattern:

The CDS has two main stages of examinations for selecting the candidates. They are,

1.       Written Examination

2.       Intelligence & Personality Test

1.  Written Examination:

Written Exam consists of Objective Type questions and time duration 2hrs and maximum marks is 100 for each subject.

For the candidates who are appearing for Indian Military Academy, Naval Academy, Air force Academy written test comprising of English, General Knowledge and Elementary mathematics subjects and for candidates who are appearing for officers training academy the written test comprising of English and General Knowledge.

Candidates who are declared successful in the written exam will be detailed for intelligence and personality test at the Service Selection Board based on their preference, by the respective service HQ.

For Admission to Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy and Air Force Academy:

S.No

Subject

Duration

Maximum Marks

1.      

English

2 Hours

100

2.      

General Knowledge

2 Hours

100

3.      

Elementary Mathematics

2 Hours

100

For Admission to Officers’ Training Academy:

S.No

Subject

Duration

Maximum Marks

1.      

English

2 Hours

100

2.      

General Knowledge

2 Hours

100


2. Intelligence & Personality Test:

·         The candidates who are selected in written test are called for interview. The SSB procedure consists of two stage selection process-Stage I and Stage II. Only those candidates who clear the stage I are permitted to appear for Stage II.

a.       Stage I comprises of Officers Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests are Picture Perception Description Test (P&DT). The candidates will be shortlisted based on combination of performance in QIR Test and PP and DT.

b.      Stage II comprises of Interview, Group Testing Officers Tasks, Psychology Tests and the conference. These testes are conducted over 4 days .


·         The personality of candidate is assessed by three different assessors viz. the interviewing Officer (IO), Group Testing Officer (GTO) and the Psychologist. There are no seperate weightage for each test. The marks are allotted by assessors only after taking into consideration the performance of the candidate holistically in all the test.

Selection Procedure:

The selection procedure follows following important sections,

1.       Written Exam

2.       Interview/ Intelligence Test/ Personality Test

3.       Document Verification

4.       Medical Examination

1. Written Exam:

Written Exam consists of Objective Type questions and time duration 2hrs and maximum marks is 100 for each subject.

For the candidates who are appearing for Indian Military Academy, Naval Academy, Air force Academy written test comprising of English, General Knowledge and Elementary mathematics subjects and for candidates who are appearing for officers training academy the written test comprising of English and General Knowledge.

Candidates who are declared successful in the written exam will be detailed for intelligence and personality test at the Service Selection Board based on their preference, by the respective service HQ.

2. Interview/ Personality Test:

The candidates who are selected in written test are called for interview. The SSB procedure consists of two stage selection process-Stage I and Stage II. Only those candidates who clear the stage I are permitted to appear for Stage II.

Stage I comprises of Officers Intelligence Rating (OIR) tests are Picture Perception Description Test (P&DT). The candidates will be shortlisted based on combination of performance in QIR Test and PP and DT.

Stage II comprises of Interview, Group Testing Officers Tasks, Psychology Tests and the conference. These testes are conducted over 4 days .

The personality of candidate is assessed by three different assessors viz. the interviewing Officer (IO), Group Testing Officer (GTO) and the Psychologist. There are no seperate weightage for each test. The marks are allotted by assessors only after taking into consideration the performance of the candidate holistically in all the test.

3. Document Verification:

Document Verification will be conducted only after the candidate has qualified for Interview/Personality Test.

4. Medical Examination:

A Candidate recommended by the Services Selection Board will undergo a medical examination by a Board of Service Medical Officers. Women candidates will undergo Medical Examination by a Medical Board comprising male/ female doctors/ specialists/ Gynaecologist. There will be a Lady Medical Officer as member of Board. Only those candidates will be admitted to the Academy who are declared fit by the Medical Board.

Preparation Tips:

Here we provide some of the useful tips that’s easy to prepare for the UPSC CDS examination and provide some of tips and tricks to score high marks in CDS Examination.

Syllabus:

Just be completely in sync with the syllabus and start preparing the subjects accordingly.

Past question papers:

Solve as many past question papers as possible. Previous years' question papers will give you an insight into what to expect.

Maintain routine:

It is a good idea to maintain a routine so that you completely cover all the subjects and also have the time to have a quick revision.

Clear concept:

Have a clear understanding about the topics. This will help you solve the paper easily.

Time management: How to solve and answer all the questions in the examination hall is something that you have to plan and prepare well. Having a strategy in place helps. The strategy will differ from person to person. You can choose your own strategy. For instance, identify the topics you are strong at and tackle those questions first. Then move on to questions you are less confident about. Also time yourself and mentally have a certain amount of time fixed for answering the questions and stick to it.

Study material:

You can refer to good study materials. They are available in book stores or online. They certainly help a lot.

Coaching:

You can opt for personal coaching if you feel the need to. Or maybe you can get in touch with candidates who have cleared the CDS exam and take tips from them.

Officer's attitude:

Begin to think and behave like an officer. You can practice by putting yourself in the shoes of an officer every time you face a situation. This will certainly play a vital role in developing your personality. Just a word of caution - be sincere when you think and behave like an officer, because superficiality is not going to pay here.

Build confidence:

Have the confidence that you will clear the CDS exam. After all the Defence Forces is all about courage and confidence. So, having a positive attitude will go a long way in ensuring that you clear the CDS exam.

Subject wise Preparation Tips:

English:

The English question paper will consist of 100 marks and will be objective in nature. It will test the candidate's understanding of the language and will comprise basic grammar, spotting the correct sentences, antonyms, synonyms, and the like.

·         To prepare for English, one can develop the habit of reading the newspaper regularly. Reading the newspaper improves not only one's vocabulary but also one's knowledge about the subject

·         One can refer to basic grammar books to clear the concepts

·         Try to learn a couple of new words on a daily basis. By doing this, you will soon find that you are developing a good hold over the language

·         When you are learning the new words, also try to learn their antonyms and synonyms and also how to use the words in sentences

·         Try solving past year's question papers so that you have an idea of what to expect

General Knowledge:

The General Knowledge paper will consist of 100 marks and will be objective in nature. It will test the candidate about his knowledge on various subjects including current affairs, history, geography, scientific relation to day-to-day experiences, generic scientific observations as may be expected of an educated person who does not have specialization in any particular subject.

·         Read newspapers regularly and watch television for the latest happenings in and around the world.

·         Read magazines that cover varied topics ranging from economy to business to trade policies to the latest awardees in the fields of sports, art, literature. In short, just be aware of all the topics because questions can come from anywhere.

·         Refer to past question papers and see the pattern of occurrence of the questions. That will give you an idea as to which topics to concentrate on.

Elementary Mathematics:

The Elementary Mathematics paper will cover topics like Arithmetic, Algebra, Geometry, Trigonometry, Mensuration and Basic statistics. Usually the standard is that of matriculation.

·         Revise all the topics thoroughly

·         First, pick up the topics that you are strong at and practice thoroughly. Later move on the difficult ones and try to practice as much as possible

·         Concentrate on having a clear concept on all the topics

Personal interview:

A candidate is eligible to take the Intelligence and Personality test only if he or she clears the written test. The Intelligence and Personality test is conducted by Services Selection Board (SSB). The SSB has the sole authority to conduct this test, which is usually spread over 3 to 4 days. This test judges a candidate of his intelligence, personality, and his ability to be chosen as an officer in the Defence Forces. There are several components included in the test like Psychological Tests, Group Discussion, Intelligence Tests, Outdoor activities, Opinion on issues, Physical Fitness, and the like. Through this test, a candidate has to prove that he is just not intelligent and academically qualified, but also possesses qualities that will make him a worthy officer.

·         Concentrate and develop reasoning ability, written and oral expressions, self-confidence, courage, a positive and a cheerful attitude

·         Train your mind to think clearly, rationally and logically

·         Try to improve the way you can influence people through logical arguments

·         Improve your communication skills

·         Try to have a very strong hold over English

·         Train yourself to respect your seniors and juniors

·         Develop a cooperative and responsible attitude, which will help in successfully carrying out team work

·         Improve your general awareness regarding national and international issues

·         Begin to think and behave like an officer

Medical interview:

Candidates will undergo medical examination only when they clear the SSB interview. The test is usually conducted at the nearest Military Hospital and spreads over 3 to 4 days. The test is a long one and is different for all the three forces - Army, Navy and Air Force.

·         Have yourself medically examined before you take the CDS exam, just to avoid any surprises

·         Exercise regularly and keep your weight in check

·         Take all the steps that will help you remain healthy

Syllabus:

Paper – 1: English

The question paper will be designed to test the candidates’ understanding of English and workmanlike use of words.

Paper – 2: General Knowledge

General Knowledge including knowledge of current events and of such matters of everyday observation and experience in their scientific aspects as may be expected of an educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific subject. The Paper will also include questions on History of India and Geography of a nature which Candidate should be able to answer without special study.

Paper – 3: Elementary Mathematics

Arithmetic: Number System-Natural numbers, Integers, Rational and Real numbers. Fundamental Operations addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, Square roots, Decimal, fractions. Unitary method, time and distance, time and work, percentages, applications to simple and compound interest, profit and loss, ratio and proportion, variation.

Elementary Number Theory- Division algorithm. Prime and composite numbers. Tests of divisibility by 2, 3,4,5,9 and 11. Multiples and factors. Factorisation Theorem. H.C.F. and L.C.M. Euclidean algorithm, Logarithms to base 10, laws of logarithms, use of logarithmic tables.

Algebra

Basic Operations, simple factors, Remainder Theorem, H.C.F., L.C.M. Theory of polynomials, Solutions of quadratic equations, relation between its roots and coefficients (Only real roots to be considered). Simultaneous linear equations in two unknowns-analytical and graphical solutions. Simultaneous linear in equations in two variables and their solutions. Practical problems leading to two simultaneous linear equations or in equations in two Variables or quadratic equations in one variable & their solutions. Set language and set notation, rational expressions and conditional identities, Laws of indices.

Trigonometry

Sine x, cosine x, Tangent x when 0 ≤x ≤90 Values of sin x, cos x and tan x, for x = 0, 30, 45, 60 and 90

Simple trigonometric identities.

Use of trigonometric tables.

Simple cases of heights and distances.

Geometry

Lines and angles, Plane and plane figures, Theorems on (i) Properties of angles at a Point(ii) Parallel lines, (iii) Sides and angles of a triangle, (iv) Congruency of triangles, (v) Similar triangles, (vi) Concurrence of medians and altitudes, (vii) Properties of angles, sides and diagonals of a parallelogram, rectangle and square (viii) Circles and its properties including tangents and normal, (ix) Loci.

Mensuration

Areas of squares, rectangles, parallelograms, triangle and circle. Areas of figures which Can be split up into these figures (Field Book), Surface area and volume of cuboids, lateral surface and volume of right circular cones and cylinders, surface area and Volume of spheres.

Statistics

Collection and tabulation of statistical data, Graphical representation, frequency Polygons, histograms, bar charts, pie charts etc. Measures of central tendency.

Reference Books:

For Previous Years/Practice Books for CDS:

S.No

Book Name

Author/Publication

1.      

Pathfinder CDS(Combined Defence Services)

Arihant Publications

2.      

CDS Chapterwise – Sectionwise Solved Papers

Arihant Publications

3.      

CDS Combined Defence Services Examination Practice Papers (English)

Sachchida Nand Jha

For Maths, English, General Studies Books for CDS:

S.No

Book Name

Author/Publication

1.      

Mathematics For C. D. S. Entrance Examination (English) 1st Edition

R. S. Aggarwal


2.      

Quantitative Aptitude For Competitive Examinations Paperback

R.S. Aggarwal


3.      

OBJECTIVE GENERAL ENGLISH (English) 01 Edition

R.S. Aggarwal


4.      

Word Power Made Easy New Revised & Expanded Edition (English) 1st Edition

Norman Lewis

5.      

Manorama Yearbook 2017 (English)

Mathew M



To view previous year Question Papers: Click Here

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